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Goals of Research

William James Brooks DO evaluates the sensors on a patient being used for research on Osteopathic Manipulative Medicine.

Dr. Brooks has published "proof of principle" research studies devoted to concepts fundamental to the FPMSS paradigm as well as application of the Restorative Care method. Please see his CV for details.

His ongoing efforts include:

Dr. Brooks has been an Adjunct Research Scientist at the Andrew Taylor Still Research Institute — under the leadership of Brian Degenhardt, DO. Dr. Brooks' focus is on adverse events associated with Osteopathic Manipulative Medicine as investigated through the DO-Touch practice based research network.

Dr. Brooks is a Designated Campus Colleague with the Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Arizona College of Medicine. His current  focus is on outcomes research in collaboration with Michael Dohm, MD. Kinesiology of the forearm, leg, hind foot, and chest wall as well as intra and inter examiner reliability of the FPMSS paradigm method are additional areas of interest.

Publications & Abstracts


Krupinski, E., Brooks, W., Lund, P.  "Demonstration of Movement in the Sacroiliac Joint Using Ultrasound".  SPIE Medical Imaging 1995; Vol. 2433: 354-360



Lund, P., Krupinski, E., Brooks, W.  "Ultrasound Evaluation of Sacroiliac Motion in Normal Volunteers".  Acad Radiol  1996; Vol. 3: 192-196.


Second Interdisciplinary World Congress on Low Back Pain - The Integrated Function of the Lumbar Spine and the Sacroiliac Joints; San Diego, California 


Poster / Abstract:  "Real-time Sonographic Evaluation of Sacroiliac Joint Motion Induced by Spring Testing"  Brooks, W., Krupinski, E., Lund, P.


Hawes, M., Brooks, W.  “Improved Chest Expansion in Idiopathic Scoliosis after Intensive, Multiple-modality, Non-surgical Treatment in an Adult”. Chest  2001; Vol.120: 672-674.


International Research Society of Spinal Deformities, May 2002; Athens, Greece


Poster / Abstract: “Reversal of Signs and Symptoms of Longstanding Moderately Severe Idiopathic Scoliosis in Response to Physical Methods ” Hawes, M., Brooks, W. 


Hawes MC, Brooks, WJ: "Reversal of Signs and Symptoms of Longstanding Moderately Severe Idiopathic Scoliosis in Response to Physical Methods ” Studies in Health Technology and Information 2002, 91:365-368


47th Annual AOA Research Conference; New Orleans, Louisiana


Poster / Abstract: "The Effect of Cervical Spine Position on Lumbar and Trunk Forward Bending" M. M. Patterson and Brooks, W.


SOSORT 4th International Conference on Conservative Management of Spinal Deformities; Boston, Massachusetts


Poster / Abstract:  "Reversal of curvature magnitude in response to physical methods: a 15-year followup in an adult female diagnosed with moderately severe scoliosis at age eleven" W. J. Brooks, E. A. Krupinski, M. C. Hawes


Essay: "Limitations of Symmetry - Introducing Proportionality" Osteopathic Medicine (German) Winter, 2009 pp. 4-8


Book / Video Review: "Pocket Manual of OMT" by Steele, et al. Journal of the American Osteopathic Association 109:11 (November 2009) pp. 571-2.


William J. Brooks, Elizabeth A. Krupinski, Martha C. Hawes. "Reversal of childhood idiopathic scoliosis in an adult, without surgery: a case report and literature review" Scoliosis 2009, 4:27 (15 December 2009)


William J. Brooks, Michael M. Patterson, Ethan Wagner, Patrick Hardigan. "Cervical Spine Bending: A Factor Confounding Whole Trunk and Lumbar Forward Bending Range of Motion" Journal of the American Osteopathic Association July 2012 112:429-436


Degenhardt, B., Johnson, J., Brooks, W., Norman, L. “Adverse Events Reported    Immediately Following Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment” The Journal of the  American Osteopathic Association, March 2018, Vol. 118, 141-149

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